Immunocorrecting drugs Immunocorrecting drugs. What is the mechanism of action?
Immunocorrecting drugs. What is the mechanism of action?
Do you mean Immune Suppressants?
There are different groups of such drugs: Immunomodulators are drugs that affect the immune system, affecting its functioning. Immunomodulators can both stimulate the immune system and suppress it. Immunostimulants stimulate the immune system, while immunosuppressants suppress it.
@ekaterina-gribacheva Also, keep in mind that by acting on the immune system, all these drugs may increase the risk of infection. Although usually mild and risk-free, the infections can also be severe, including those caused by opportunistic agents.
Hi! Activation immunotherapies include thymus preparations, interleukins, interferons, biologically active peptides, polysaccharides of some fungi, therapeutic vaccines. Their activity is due to the ability to affect the metabolism of cells and tissues of the body, activate immunocompetent cells. Immunosuppressants are used to suppress the activity of lymphoid cells in inflammation, allergies, transplantation, and the treatment of autoimmune diseases. The main groups of suppression immunotherapies are hormonal drugs, cytostatic agents, antilymphocytic and antiresus immunoglobulins, monoclonal antibodies against certain lymphocyte receptors, some antibiotics (cyclosporine, rapamycin, etc.). Their immunosuppressive activity is associated with the ability to inhibit hematopoiesis, interact with proteins involved in the immune response, inhibit nucleotide synthesis, induce apoptosis of lymphocytes, etc.