General chemistry Chemical names
I was interested in the question why the classical chemical nomenclature of substances is not used in the names of reagents, namely, the name of the cation is written in the first place, then the acid residue. And also the name of acid residues is not nitrate or sulfate, but nitric-sour, sulfuric-sour.
I suspect that this practice is only found in russian names
Hey! To me personally, this practice seems terribly inconvenient, especially such names for acid residues
@damiryagudin I don't understand why GOST then differs from scientific / educational names in the literature
Because in the educational and scientific literature, the nomenclature is based mainly on the rules of the IUPAC. Russian, like any other national nomenclature, is not among the recommended IUPAC. For example, old textbooks use the "Russian" nomenclature, in which the name of a chemical compound begins with a cation. This makes it easier to find a particular connection. Many Russian companies engaged in the production and sale of chemical reagents continue to actively use this particular type of nomenclature as a convenient and understandable systematics for the production of chemical reagents. In addition, often on labels, in reference literature, in technological instructions, etc. instead of the "Russian" nomenclature, there are names of compounds according to trivial nomenclature. After all, the IUPAC nomenclature is a systematic international nomenclature. It is the most strict. Therefore, many people use other types of nomenclatures, which are understandable and simple in their own way. Although it cannot be denied that the IUPAC nomenclature is complex, because it is quite simple and universal in its own way. Therefore, its use in modern scientific sources (articles, patents, textbooks, etc.) remains the most relevant.
@damiryagudin that is, according to IUPAC, should you name the salts starting with the anion?
That's right, argentum.
GOSTs need to be equated with IUPAC so as not to produce discrepancies and confusion)
I would like to add that in the technical, technological, scientific literature, in many GOST standards, documentation, there is often a Russian nomenclature, which has been formally abolished for a long time.
About the trivial names: I have the biggest problems with calling CH2Cl2 methilen. Who came up with that?!
it’s sad of course that they didn’t come to a single standard for names in all areas
@argentum Ahaha, I was trying to figure out about what GHOST you were talking about 😂
I like how polymer chemistry is not even trying with somewhat comprehensive names at this point